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京都、奈良和大阪
京都、奈良和大阪的40件事

京都、奈良和大阪的40件事

kyoto-arashiyama-bamboo-grove

京都市、奈良市和大阪市是日本西部和中部的交界處,它們都是深受國際遊客歡迎的目的地。由於這三個城市距離較近,可以輕鬆實現一日遊,因此,許多旅行者在行程中會將這三個城市放在一起,但也許他們會好奇每個城市都有什麼特色。在這個頁面上,你會發現以下信息:

京都最值得做的事

奈良最值得做的事

大阪最值得做的事

Best Places to Stay in Kyoto & Nara

Best Places to Stay in Osaka

如何前往京都、奈良和大阪

日本中部地區的私人包車和旅遊

作為日本前首都和一千多年來的皇權所在地,京都是日本歷史上最重要的城市,擁有眾多宏偉的寺廟、神社和宮殿。作為一個時尚而精緻的城市,遊客到京都還將遇到日本最好的購物、餐飲和無窮的魅力。

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奈良位於京都的南面,是日本最大的寺廟 “東大寺 “和大佛,至今仍保留著其歷史遺跡。奈良的面積不大,但交通方便,它的故事和強大的寺廟與京都的故事是密不可分的。

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大阪與京都和奈良不同,是一個以購物、夜生活和日本最美味的食物而聞名的大都市。許多國際遊客都認為,與東京等保守的城市相比,大阪更加開放和熱情。在京都和奈良的日子裡,您會看到很多寺廟、神社和歷史,而在大阪度過的時間則是讓您的味蕾得到滿足,品嚐一些美味的街頭小吃,喝上一杯,和當地人聊天。

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本頁包括5個小貼士,讓你在京都的時間最多,其次是我們的推薦。京都必做之事 / 奈良必做之事 / 大阪必做之事本頁的所有目的地和活動都可以全年享受。

京都最值得做的事


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從794年到1868年,京都是日本天皇的居所,曾被稱為 “平安”,作為帝都的歷史超過1000年。幸運的是,二戰期間,京都倖免於轟炸,如今,這座城市仍保留著許多寺廟、神社和宮殿的歷史風貌。對於大多數第一次來日本的遊客來說,京都是一個必去的地方,但要想在那裡度過最美好的時光,還需要稍加規劃。

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京都站是這個城市的主要車站,有旅遊巴士開往所有知名的寺廟。從東京到大阪的東海道新幹線的一個站點,許多遊客選擇在車站內和周圍住宿,因為它很方便,有大量的酒店選擇。要開始計劃你的訪問,值得注意的是,要避免一些第一次來的遊客常犯的錯誤。

這裡有我們的5個頂級提示,讓你在京都的時間得到最充分的利用

京都是一個大而現代的城市:很多遊客在第一次來京都之前,都會誤以為京都是一個只有歷史街區、寺廟和神社組成的小城市。這是不對的。京都是一個大型的現代城市,其許多寺廟和其他歷史遺跡毗鄰或在商業,購物和住宅區。要做好長途跋涉、人山人海的準備。

寺廟往往相隔很遠,所以要製定計劃。京都有這麼多寺廟可看,你不會不知道它們在哪裡,但重要的是要注意,許多最著名的寺廟都相距甚遠,因此要確認哪些寺廟離得很近,並在同一時間參觀它們。因此,在我們下面的建議中,(在可能的情況下)我們已經將兩個寺廟集中在一起,讓您可以一個接一個地參觀它們,並節省您浪費大量的時間,乘坐長途巴士或出租車來回穿越城市。

如果它是著名的,它將是擁擠的:預計最著名的寺廟將是擁擠的 – 總是。京都每年吸引數百萬遊客–包括日本人和外國遊客–大多數人都會前往相同的寺廟,包括清水寺、銀閣寺、良安寺、伏見稻荷大社等。如果你想看這些寺廟,請盡量早去,趕在大型旅遊巴士之前,不要害怕瞄準一些不知名的寺廟。它們往往同樣美麗,而且遊客明顯減少,可以獲得更好的體驗。

不要試圖看太多:很多第一次來的遊客都是帶著計劃來的。見多識廣的寺廟,卻發現三四次之後就有點 ‘廟會了’,不知道該怎麼辦。我們的建議是爭取看到兩個 早上去寺廟,然後享受京都的其他精彩活動 – 包括美食、咖啡館、古董購物、博物館和畫廊 – 在這裡,下午和晚上。如果你允許兩天的時間這樣做,你會看到一個。少數的大寺廟,有精力去欣賞每一座。我們 特別推薦在夏天,當城市將非常炎熱和 潮濕。爭取早點看完幾個寺廟,然後去吃午飯,再去看一個 下午在室內,以避免最嚴重的高溫和潮濕。

春天的京都看起來很美,很多人都會在那個時候來參觀:很多遊客的目標也是在日本迷人的 “櫻花” 季節來參觀。當然,在櫻花盛開的時候看京都確實很壯觀,但這並不是什麼秘密,你會和很多人分享這座城市。街道和寺廟都非常擁擠,幾乎無法欣賞,所以如果你計劃在這個時候去,請做好準備,盡可能早地去,並參觀一些不太有名的寺廟。

說了這麼多,下面我們就為大家推荐一下日本最具歷史意義的城市的活動:

1 / 清水寺和三十三間堂


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Translating as ‘Pure Water Temple’, Kiyomizudera is one of the most famous temples in Japan. As a World Heritage-listed site, the temple attracts a huge number of visitors each day, who come to enjoy the expansive temple precinct including its large wooden decking that sits 13 metres above the ground and affords a fantastic view looking back toward central Kyoto.

Most visitors heading to and from Kiyomizudera do so along the picturesque streets of Higashiyama – see below for details – adding to the crowds. To get the most out of your visit to the area, go early or late in the day to avoid large tour groups that tend to fill the streets and dominate the temple.

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Most commonly referred to as ‘Sanjusangendo’, the properly named Rengeo-in is the longest wooden structure and second largest temple in Japan. Housing 1001 golden ‘Kannon’ statues – the bodhisattva of mercy – the interior of the temple is one of Kyoto’s most spectacular sights. Often overlooked, Sanjusangendo should not be missed as is only 25-minutes walk from the more famous Kiyomizudera.

2 / 東山地區包括八坂之塔


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Located between Kiyomizudera and Yasaka Shrine, Higashiyama is one of Kyoto’s best-preserved historic districts. An enclave in which ‘old Kyoto’ lives on, the area retains the majority of its historic character with traditional buildings, including numerous stores, restaurants and residences lining the narrow streets.

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走在東山的街道上,遊客可以品嚐到包括 “抹茶”、糖果、鹹菜等在內的美食,而誘人的工藝品商店則出售陶器和其他傳統商品。沿著這條路,你還可以欣賞到京都的另一個最具標誌性的建築–八坂塔,它在下面的街道上若隱若現。東山的街道總是很受歡迎,在一天中會很擁擠。大多數商店在上午9-10點之間開門,下午5-6點之間關門。盡量避開中午時分,因為這時大型旅遊團和大量的其他遊客會擠滿街道。

3 / YASAKA (GION) SHRINE & MARUYAMA PARK


Also within walking distance of Kiyomizudera – approximately 20-minutes heading through the Higashiyama district – Yasaka Shrine, sometimes called Gion Shrine, is one of Kyoto’s most famous Shinto sites. The shrine complex is comprised of multiple structures including the ‘romon’ (gate), ‘honden’ (inner sanctuary), ‘haiden’ (offering hall) and dance stage bordered with hundreds of lanterns. A beautiful sight when lit a night, the shrine and central dance stage are the focal point the ‘Gion Matsuri’ held each year in July.

Adjoining the shrine, Maruyama Park is one of Kyoto’s best cherry blossom-viewing spots and always busy once the blossoms are in bloom each spring. Easily combined with a visit to Kiyomizudera and Higashiyama, be prepared for huge crowds if visiting when the blossoms are in bloom. The park is equally beautiful in October and November when its many trees are awash with autumn colours. Both the shrine and park are accessible at all times of day and admission is free.

4 / 祇園神社


Between Yasaka Shrine and Kamogawa (Kamo River) – which runs north to south through the city – you can wander into Gion – one of Japan’s most historic and famous neighbourhoods. Another of Kyoto’s best preserved historic areas, Gion is famous for its traditional ‘ochaya’ (teahouses) and attendant ‘geisha’. Whether or not you have visited Japan, chances are you will have a strong image in your mind of the fabled geisha. Beautiful yet other-worldly in appearance, the charm and gracefulness of the geisha seduce many and it is here, in Gion, that many still ply their trade.

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Gion is home to many teahouses and traditional restaurants, offering some of Japan’s best ‘kaiseki’ and the chance to be entertained by geisha or their attendant ‘maiko’ (geisha apprentices) – see below for details. A common sight on the streets of Gion and Higashiyama around sundown as they head toward their evening engagement, geisha and maiko are an enchanting sight to behold but do not stop them for photographs. They are on their way to entertain and cannot risk being late. Please be respectful of their space and do not trouble them.

5 / 南禪寺和東山慈照寺包括銀閣寺


Located at the base of the Higashiyama mountains, Nanzen-ji lies on the eastern outskirts of the city. One of the most important Rinzai sect temples in Japan – an important school of Zen – the temple complex is large and includes multiple historic buildings, stunning gardens and unique brick aqueduct that runs through the grounds. Approximately 2km / 25-minutes walk to the north of Nanzen-ji, the Higashiyama Joshi-ji temple complex includes another of Kyoto’s most famous temples – Ginkaku-ji or the ‘Silver Pavilion’. Modelled on the Kinkaku-ji or the ‘Golden Pavilion’ – see below for details – Ginkaku-ji served as the retirement villa of shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa until his death in 1490, and then converted into a Zen temple. Visitors wishing to visit both temples can do so by following the ‘Philosopher’s Path’ – a stone-paved trail along a canal and under cherry trees – between the two, a walk of 30 to 45 minutes.

6 / 二條城和京都御所


Built in 1603 as the Kyoto residence of the famous shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu, Nijo Castle is an expansive historic precinct in the heart of Kyoto. As a World Heritage-listed site, Nijo is another of the city’s most important and historic destinations, providing a different experience to the many temples of the city due to its heavy fortification including moats and imposing stone walls. More than twenty historic structures – including the beautiful Ninomaru Palace – exist within the grounds demanding that you allow several hours to enjoy Nijo Castle completely.

Approximately 20-minutes walk from the castle, Kyoto Imperial Palace was the main residence of the Imperial Family until it was relocated to Tokyo in 1868. Located within the expansive Kyoto Imperial Park, the precinct also includes the Sento Imperial Palace with the current Imperial Palace dating to 1855.

7 / 伏見稲荷大社和在稻荷山散步


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Heading a little out of central Kyoto, Fushimi Inari Taisha is another of Kyoto’s most iconic spots. Famous for its thousands of ‘torii’, the famous gates lead visitors into the forest of Mount Inari, a sacred mountain in Shinto belief. Most visitors come to witness and photograph the gates but should you wish to walk the trails that ascend the mountain, the hike to and from the summit takes between 2 to 3 hours. With multiple shrines and ‘inari’ statues (mythical fox-like creatures) along the trails, exploring a little deeper into the precinct offers and escape from the crowds of the city.

8 / 金閣寺和龍安寺


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Kinkaku-ji or the ‘Golden Pavilion’ is perhaps Kyoto’s most iconic temple. Located in the north of Kyoto and quite distant from some of the other famous temples located in the central/eastern Kyoto, the distinctive gold-leaf exterior of the temple is a beautiful sight set against a large pond and traditional garden. Dating back to the 15th century, the current temple is a relatively recent 20th century reconstruction.

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Located nearby Kinkaku-ji, Ryoan-ji boasts Japan’s most famous rock garden. Originally the residence of an aristocrat, the villa was converted into a temple in 1450 with the exact origins and designer of its famous garden now unknown.

9 / 嵐山包括渡月橋、竹林和嵐山猴子公園


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Lying to the west – approximately 20 to 30-minutes from Kyoto Station by train or bus – Arashiyama attracts plenty of visitors, especially in spring and autumn when it is blessed with some of Kyoto’s best cherry blossom and autumn colours.

The area’s Togetsukyo Bridge is iconic and a popular photo spot for visitors while the Arashiyama Sagano Bamboo Grove – located between Tenryu-ji and Okouchi Sanso Garden – is one of Japan’s most photographed locations. A beautiful sight any time of year, walking through the bamboo in summer offers welcome relief from the heat, as the bamboo sways and a cool breeze refreshes the body and soul.

嵐山是嵐山岩田山猴子公園的所在地,不要與長野縣地獄谷雪猴公園的雪浴猴相混淆。雖然這裡的猴子與長野的猴子一樣,都是 “日本猿”,是獼猴的一種,但體驗卻完全不同。與長野縣地獄谷的猴子相比,京都岩田山的猴子可以被遊客餵食,使它們具有攻擊性,而且沒有溫泉供它們放鬆和休閒,這種體驗往往更令人愉快。

10 / 京都市國立博物館


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Located nearby Sanjusangendo, Kyoto National Museum is one of Japan’s most distinguished institutions. The museum displays are wide variety of collections and artefacts through both permanent and special exhibitions with many important cultural properties including sculptures, ceramics, calligraphy, paintings, and archaeological artefacts housed within the museum.

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Special exhibitions are held on a regular basis, with the theme to each varying widely. Open daily – other than Mondays and over the New Year period – from 09:30 to 17:00, a visit to the museum can be easily combined with visits to Sanjusangendo, Kiyomizudera, Higashiyama, Yasaka Shrine and / or Gion.

11 / ’KAWADOKO´ DINING ON KAMOGAWA RIVERSIDE


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Need a break from the temples or just want to sit, unwind and have a drink and a meal? Enjoying ‘kawadoko’ dining is the perfect way to do just that! Running along the banks of Kamogawa (Kamo River), numerous restaurants face onto the river, most of which erect large outdoor decks from May to September, allowing diners to eat and drink outside while cooled by the air moving off the river and up and around the decks. Below the restaurants and their stilted decks, the riverside walking trail is always busy, with families, friends and couples strolling the river or stopping to sit on its banks for a snack, drink or meal. Always popular, ‘kawadoko’ offers relief from the heat and humidity on summer nights when hundreds of diners sit on the outside decks enjoying some good food, plenty of cold drinks and lots of chatter.

12 / 京都站地區


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If you’re visiting Kyoto, chances are that at some point you’ll pass through Kyoto Station.  The area in and around this large, modern station is worth allowing time for as it boasts some fantastic restaurants, shopping and plenty of hotels. It’s one of the most convenient places to stay in the city, allowing visitors to disembark the Shinkansen and quickly check-into their hotel and drop-off their luggage with all popular tourist sites accessible using bus or train services from the station.

13 / 錦市場


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Kyoto is a great shopping city and there’s no better place to start than its famous Nishiki Market. Running five blocks of the city, the market is one narrow arcade with all manner of vendors, shops and restaurants lining the tight street. One of Japan’s best markets, Nishiki is always busy but that just adds to the atmosphere, as visitors move along the arcade and between vendors selling traditional food, vegetables, fruit, meat, seafood and more. Regarded as ‘Kyoto’s Kitchen’, Nishiki is an excellent place to buy high-quality kitchenware including knives.

來錦市場的時候,一定要帶著食慾,盡可能多地去逛逛。市場的營業時間是每天的9:00~18:00,各家店的營業時間各不相同。

14 / ANTIQUE & VINTAGE SHOPPING IN TERAMACHI-DORI


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Intersecting with Nishiki Market, the Teramachi-dori precinct is home to many high-end antique stores and an increasing number of younger dealers selling more contemporary collectibles and hipster wares. As such, there are plenty of good cafes popping-up in the area, enticing visitors into the pleasant streets of the area in search of that special souvenir or keepsake from their time in Japan.

15 / ‘GEISHA’ & ‘MAIKO’ EXPERIENCE


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While in Kyoto, visitors can enjoy a range of experiences that further their understanding and appreciation of Japanese history and culture. Following on from our description of Gion – see above – many visitors to the historic district take the chance to be entertained by a ‘geisha’ or ‘maiko’ for an afternoon or evening. While you need to be introduced to a geisha in order to acquire her time and a booking comes at considerable cost, it is one of Kyoto’s signature experiences and a rare chance to meet and be entertained by a practicing geisha or maiko.

16 / 茶道儀式體驗


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Geisha and maiko entertain their guests in several ways and one of the most essential is by performing a tea ceremony. Referred to as ‘sado’ or ‘chado’ in Japanese, tea ceremony is a true performance provided in honour of the guest. While acquiring the entertainment of a geisha or maiko for an evening will come at considerable cost, the good news is enjoying a tea ceremony is far more accessible with multiple venues spread throughout the city.

17 / 武士和忍者的體驗


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Another fun experience for guests of all ages is trying your hand as a fully-fledged ‘samurai’. Japan’s fabled warriors have almost mythical status both at home and abroad, but they were very much real and the skills they honed can still be practiced today in Kyoto with tour providers providing samurai experience tours throughout the year. Another place to enjoy both samurai and ‘ninja’ experiences in the heart of the city, the Samurai & Ninja Museum combines a guided tour of their engaging samurai and ninja exhibitions followed by samurai and ninja training. Family-friendly and great fun for adults too!

18 / 住在 “旅館 “或 “宿坊”


As Japan’s cultural capital, Kyoto is a great place to enjoy a stay at a ‘ryokan’ (traditional guesthouse) or ‘shukubo’ (temple or shrine lodging). Spread through the city, prices range widely from sky-high to more reasonably priced, with the most famous guesthouses booking out far in advance. Often set among beautiful gardens or adjoining temples and shrines, both ryokan and shukubo offer refuge from daily life and a chance to truly unwind, relax and breathe in the history and tradition of the city. For more information, see our ‘Where to Stay in Kyoto & Nara’ page.

19 / 享受日本最好的 “懷石料理”


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When staying at a ryokan, you’ll almost certainly be served ‘kaiseki’, a traditional multi-course dinner. With menus designed to promote the culinary heritage of the area and typically based around local seasonal ingredients, no two kaiseki menus are the same between guesthouses nor even the same guesthouse as the seasons change. Kyoto is also home to some of Japan’s best kaiseki restaurants, many of which also book-out far in advance. If you have your eye on a particular one, make sure to book it early and get ready to indulge your senses. For more information about the range of accommodation available in the city, see our ‘Where to Stay in Kyoto & Nara’ page.

20 / 大原包括三千院


Heading out of Kyoto but still within the boundaries of the city, Ohara is a picturesque rural area approximately 60-minutes to the north of Kyoto Station. This tranquil enclave is often missed by international visitors but can be easily included in any itinerary when heading from Kyoto toward Fukui and Kanazawa or the other way around. Sanzen-in is the most famous attraction in the area. Founded by Saicho – a 9th century monk who brought the Tendai school of Buddhism to Japan from China – the temple is set within beautiful gardens, at its most spectacular each autumn. Multiple temple buildings are connected by corridors with buildings housing multiple important artefacts. One of several important and beautiful temples in the area, a visit to Ohara offers an escape from the crowds at the famous sites in the central city.

21 / 延暦寺


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Located in the forests of Mount Hieizan, Enryaku-ji is a historically important temple that will be immediately familiar to any devoted student of Japanese history. Headquarters of the Tendai sect of Buddhism, Enryaku-ji was founded in the 8th century – also by Saicho – and at the height of its powers led as many as 3000 sub-temples and army of warrior monks. One of the most powerful institutions during the Heian Period, the monks of Enryaku-ji caused great problems for the emperors and court regularly threatening or invoking insurrection against them. Destroyed the powerful warlord Oda Nobunaga in the 16th century, the complex and its many buildings were reconstructed during the Edo Period. Another temple often overlooked by international visitors, Enryaku-ji is well-worth the visit.

奈良最值得做的事


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奈良位於京都南部–乘坐列車約45分鐘–從710年到794年是日本的政權所在地–當時天皇和宮廷被遷往京都。該城市擁有一些日本最古老和最重要的寺廟和神社,包括該國最大的佛教寺廟。奈良離京都和大阪都很近,許多遊客選擇從這兩個城市中的任何一個前往奈良進行一日遊。奈良比京都要小得多,它的一些最吸引人的景點很容易瀏覽,包括:

22 / 日本最大的寺廟–東大寺


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The largest Buddhist temple in Japan, any visit to Nara surely starts with Todai-ji. Construction of the temple was completed in 752, Todai-ji and its attendant monks became so powerful that capital was soon moved from Nara to Kyoto in 794. The current temple is a reconstruction dating to the late-17th century and houses the ‘Daibutsu’ – one of the largest and most revered Buddha statues in Japan. The seated Buddha measures 15 metres in height, a remarkable and inspiring achievement in craftsmanship.

Nearby the statue at the base of one of the temple’s supporting pillars, a hole is the same size as the nostril in the statue, a space that visitors try to pass through furthering them along the path to enlightening (and at the risk of getting stuck – it does happen!). Outside of the temple, the immense Nandaimon Gate with its fierce ‘Nio’ – two guardians of the temple – is equally impressive and acts at as the entrance to the temple and the surrounding Nara Park.

23 / 奈良公園


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Nara Park is an expansive public area surrounding Todai-ji and other important cultural sites.  Most famously, the park is populated by more than one thousand deer that have become a symbol of the city. Visitors are allowed to feed them and the official line is that some deer have learned to bow in asking for food – feel free to question how that might have come about. While some visitors find this experience enjoyable, the deer can be aggressive and intimidating for children and are known to bite the buttons of peoples’ clothing, mistaking them for food.

24 / KASUGA TAISHA


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Located within the grounds of Nara Park, Kasuga Taisha is the most important Shinto shrine in the city. Founded in the same period as the city itself, the shrine is dedicated to the protector spirit or deity that is believed to reside there. Much-like the Grand Shrine of Ise – Japan’s most important Shinto site – sections of the shrine are deconstructed and then reconstructed every twenty years in order that the knowledge and skill required to maintain and build such shrines is retained. Famous for the hundreds of bronze lanterns that hang from buildings within the shrine, Kasuga Taisha is highly photogenic and a colourful contrast to the grand but more austere exterior of nearby Todai-ji.

25 / 奈良國立博物館


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Also located within Nara Park, Nara National Museum is primarily dedicated to Japanese Buddhist art across both permanent and temporary collections. Holding many important cultural properties from Todai-ji and other temples, a visit to the museum aids in understanding the development of Buddhism in Japan and Nara’s pivotal role in that story.

26 / KOFUKU-JI inc. KOFUKU-JI NATIONAL TREASURE MUSEUM


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Once of one of the most grand temples in Nara, Kofuku-ji was originally the family temple of the powerful Fujiwara clan – who effectively ruled Japan by dominating essential court positions through the Nara and Heian Periods. Today, the temple includes buildings of huge cultural importance including two pagodas, the Central Golden Hall, Eastern Golden Hall and Kofuku-ji National Treasure Museum housing some true treasures of Japanese Buddhist art.

27 / 法隆寺


Declared a World Heritage site in 1993 and another of Japan’s most important Buddhist temples, Horyu-ji was founded by the semi-mythical Prince Shotoku – a hugely important figure in the establishment of Buddhism in Japan – in 607. One of the oldest temples in Japan, Horyu-ji is home to the world’s oldest surviving wooden structure built sometime in the Asuka Period (538-710). The extensive grounds are divided into two main precincts, the ‘Sai-in Garan’ (Western Precinct) and ‘Toin Garan’ (Eastern Precinct) with multiple historic buildings including gates, main halls, sub-temples and pagodas of great beauty found throughout.

大阪最值得做的事


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大阪緊鄰京都和奈良,是日本真正的大都市之一,也是僅次於東京和橫濱的第三大城市。大阪以比東京更粗獷、更喧鬧而著稱,長期以來一直是一座商埠,也是日本在長期的自我封閉中,通過貿易與外界保持一定聯繫的少數地區之一。

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As Japan’s third largest city, Osaka has several huge stations including Shin-Osaka Station on the Tokaido Shinkansen line running to Kyoto, Nagoya and onto Tokyo. A thriving city, Osaka is all about having a good time boasting some of Japan’s best food, shopping and nightlife. Though it may not have the historic attractions of Kyoto and Nara, if you’re asking whether it’s worth visiting, the answer is definitely yes! Friendly, fun and plenty to do other than visit temples, Osaka is just the tonic many visitors are looking for, starting with:

28 / 食物 – 日本最好的一些食物!


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Anyone who has visited Osaka will know all too well, it’s one great city for food! You’ll find fantastic food throughout the city starting and there’s no better place to start than the city’s famous Dotonbori precinct. Forget the fine dining of Kyoto, Osaka is all about eating on the street and packed, lively restaurants serving its famous:

什錦燒

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什錦燒通常被稱為 “日本煎餅”,起源於關西,因此或多或少是大阪的代名詞。雜樣煎菜餅在熱板上烹製,最常見的是將麵粉糊和捲心菜絲結合在一起,並加入無窮無盡的配料,包括豬肉或熏肉、章魚、魷魚、蝦、其他蔬菜、奶酪……基本上,你能想到的都可以。裹著健康的釉麵醬、”Kewpie “蛋黃醬和/或 “鰹魚”(魚片),享受大阪燒基本上是在大阪時必須做的事情。當地的變體還包括 “日式蔥煎餅”,另一種包括大量日本韭菜的鹹味煎餅。

章魚燒

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章魚燒 “或 “章魚丸 “是大阪另一種最美味的街頭食品。大塊的章魚浸在麵糊裡,煮成外酥里嫩的口感,然後澆上 “章魚燒 “醬、蛋黃醬和鰹魚,通常還包括醃製的薑,形成一道美味可口的菜餚。

狐狸烏冬面

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這碗熱騰騰的 “烏冬”(小麥麵條)是用清淡的 “usukuchi “醬油和煨制的 “aburaage “豆腐澆在上面。大阪的狐狸烏冬面在日本各地都有供應,以其清淡的甜味而聞名。簡單、飽滿、美味!

串燒

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“串燒 “是指用麵糊和油炸的肉和蔬菜串。作為完美的啤酒食品或小吃,在大阪街頭的一個大晚上,串燒的吸引力是相當明顯的。

海鮮

“Kaisen “或 “海鮮 “是日本飲食的一個重要組成部分,毫無疑問,是大阪街頭最誘人的食物之一。從日本最好的壽司和生魚片到包括螃蟹在內的當地美食,應有盡有–只要沿著道頓堀尋找巨大的螃蟹……它們就不難發現。

29 / 美食… 然後是所有其他的!


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大阪不僅擁有日本國內最好的 “washoku”(日本料理),而且還擁有最好的國際美食。從日本的近鄰韓國和中國開始,到台灣、越南、泰國等地的美食,大阪提供了吃到精彩的國際美食的機會,而且不用花太多錢。

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印度菜、斯里蘭卡菜、中東菜、非洲菜等,在日本最大的城市之一,有很多可以選擇的地方,雖然這可能是一個奇怪的建議- 如果您想從洗食中解脫出來,或者只是想品嚐一下其他美味,那麼大阪的許多國際美食店是真正的亮點。

30 / 夜生活


在大阪,美食和夜生活是相輔相成的。大阪市內有很多酒吧、俱樂部,晚上也有很多活動,當地人也很友好,隨時準備和你聊天,微笑著迎接你。眾所周知,大阪是一個非常開放和熱情的城市,當地居民通常非常熱衷於與國際遊客聊天,並確保他們在那裡度過愉快的時光。與東京不同的是,東京有時會有些矜持,難以進入,而大阪則是喧鬧的,而且比較粗獷。

Wandering the streets you’ll spot plenty of places to have a drink – whether its beers stands on the street, bars or clubs you’ll receive a friendly welcome upon entry. If this is what you’re after, start with the areas around Dotonbori – see below – along with Shinsaibashi-suji, Namba and Amerika-mura and make sure to book your accommodation nearby – or risk missing the last train back!

31 / 道頓堀


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Boasting what are arguably Osaka’s most recognisable landmarks, Dotonbori is a hugely popular restaurant and shopping precinct that runs parallel to Dotonbori canal. On the bridge crossing the canal, visitors gather to photograph the city’s famous ‘Glico Man’ and other huge neon billboards while just along the road, the ‘Kani Doraku’ crab sign beacons diners inside to eat. Always busy, Dotonbori hums with activity and nightlife and is every way, one of Osaka’s most charismatic and famous enclaves.

沿著運河兩岸本身的區域,近年來有了很大的發展。遊客們可以在霓虹燈下漫步,走過城市的喧囂,有很多餐館和酒吧可供選擇。熙熙攘攘,熱鬧非凡,這裡是大阪的心臟,對許多人來說,這裡是日本所有城市中最具代表性的地區之一。

32 / 心齋橋


Running north from Dotonbori, the covered Shinsaibashi-suji is a seemingly endless covered shopping, dining and entertainment arcade. It is the best-known shopping area in the city with everything imaginable on sale along its 600 metre stretch – from official brand stores to cheap knock-offs, excellent restaurants to quick and cheap eateries. The street’s eclectic mix of stores, restaurants and entertainment ensure an equally odd variety of people walking through the arcade. Often crowded and noisy, you might quickly need to escape from Shinsaibashi-suji but it is worth visiting for a snapshot of life in Osaka.

33 / 難波和美國村大阪


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Within walking distance of Dotonbori and Shinsaibashi-suji in the direction of Osaka-Namba Station and JR Namba Station, the lively area of Namba is home to plenty of great little bars, eateries, clothing and record shops, and small clubs. One of the city’s youth culture hubs, time spent in Namba is always entertaining with plenty of young Japanese in the area guaranteeing an energetic atmosphere.

Most famously, the area adjoins Osaka’s famous ‘Amerika-mura’ (America village), a centre of youth culture known for its second hand clothing stores, independent galleries and cafes, music bars and shops, street art and plenty of nightlife. Located within easy walk of Yotsubashi Station or Shinsaibashi Station, Amerika-mura is worth the visit even if you feel too old to really get it.

34 / 難波公園


Located to the south of Namba Station, ‘Namba Parks’ is a shopping and office complex designed to mimic a natural canyon in the heart of one of Japan’s largest cities. Housing 120 stores, numerous restaurants serving all manner of cuisine, a cinema, terraced rooftop gardens and 3-storey office tower, Namba Parks acts as a refuge from the congestion of the surrounding city (and possibly much-needed relief from the noise and effects of the night before) and offers particularly welcome relief from the often oppressive heat and humidity of summer. Beautifully designed, you can easily spend a morning, afternoon, evening or entire day strolling through one of Osaka’s most enjoyable shopping and entertainment precincts.

35 / NIPPONBASHI ELECTRIC ‘DEN DEN TOWN’


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An area equivalent to Tokyo’s Akihabara, Nipponbashi or ‘Den Den Town’ is something of a hub for Osaka’s ‘otaku’ culture. Located between Ebisucho Station to the south and Nipponbashi Station to the north, the streets of Den Den Town are full of shops selling all things ‘anime’, ‘manga’, electronics and all things pop-culture. Basically, it’s a nerd’s delight! Shops are concentrated along two main streets – Nipponbashi-suji / Sakai-suji and the parallel-running Ota Road – making it fairly easy to navigate and less crowded than Tokyo’s otaku neighbourhood of Akihabara, a visit to Den Den Town is typically good fun.

36 / 梅田藍天大廈


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One of Osaka’s most distinctive buildings, Umeda Sky Building is a 173 metre tall pair of towers connected by a ‘Floating Garden Observatory’ on the 39th floor. From the observatory, visitors are afforded fantastic views of the sprawling metropolis, best enjoyed from the open-air viewing deck. Open daily from 09:30 to 22:30, admission is a rather steep JPY1500.

37 / 大阪城公園


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Osaka Castle Park occupies a huge area in the heart of one of Japan’s largest cities including expansive public gardens, historic structures, along with multiple cultural and sports facilities. Centred around the reconstructed Osaka Castle – one of Japan’s largest castles – and surrounded by the original foundation walls and large moats, the park is in many ways the historic and public heart of the city.

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First constructed in the late-16th century, the castle was the largest in Japan at the time before it was destroyed in 1615. Rebuilt in the 1620, the castle was again destroyed in 1665 when struck by lightning and set alight. It was not until 1931 that the castle would be reconstructed again, miraculously surviving the heavy bombing of WWII the castle enjoyed renewal in the 1990s and remains one of Osaka’s most iconic sights. Open daily form 09:00 to 17:00 – other than December 28 to January 1 – the castle houses artefacts and materials relating to the history of the castle.

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需要注意的是,整個建築是重建的,裡面沒有原有的特色,這可能會讓一些遊客感到失望。因此,將參觀城堡與進一步探索公園結合起來是值得的。春天的時候,西之丸花園是市內最適合賞櫻的地方之一,公園內還有許多神社、寺廟、博物館、餐廳等。

38 / 大阪海遊館


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Moving away from the heart of the city and to the Osaka Bay area, Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan is another of the city’s most famous and popular destinations. The spectacular central tank is nine metres deep and home to the aquariums most famous attraction, a whale shark and other marine life from the Pacific Ocean. Other tanks display sealife from the Gulf of Panama, the Great Barrier Reef, the Tasman Sea, Antarctica along with other marine ecosystems. In addition to the main tanks, the aquarium includes interactive displays and special experiences including evening events along with multiple restaurants and shops.

39 / TEMPOZAN HARBOR VILLAGE


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Osaka Aquarium is part of the larger ‘Tempozan Harbor Village’ precinct, a modern development on Osaka Bay also including LEGOLAND ‘Discovery Centre Osaka’, the boarding point for the ‘Santa Maria’ cruise ship, and ‘Tempozan Giant Ferris Wheel’.

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直徑100米、高112.5米的摩天輪是世界上最大的摩天輪之一,全程15米,可以欣賞大阪灣的美景。此外,還有以1960年代的大阪街景為原型的美食主題公園 “浪花老饕小吃街”,以及擁有約80家餐廳和商店的現代餐飲購物綜合體 “天保山市場”。

40 / 日本環球影城 (USJ)


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Finally, located across from Tempozan Harbor Village – over the Tenpozano Bridge – Universal Studios Japan (USJ) is one of Japan’s most popular attractions. Divided into themed areas, the park brings the films of Universal Studios to life including Jurassic Park, Spiderman, Minions, Harry Potter and the newest area – Super Nintendo World. Rides range from gentle but fun kids amusements to rollercoasters and immersive simulators. The huge precinct also includes hotels, restaurants and shops and as one of not just Osaka’s but Japan’s most popular destinations, USJ is always busy but great, great fun.

BEST PLACES TO STAY IN KYOTO & NARA


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As Japan’s most historic cities, Kyoto and Nara attract millions of visitor each year. As such, it is no surprise that there is plenty of accommodation of choose from, ranging from high-end hotels and traditional guesthouses, to mid-range and budget options dotted in and around the city. Our ‘Where to Stay in Kyoto & Nara?’ page listed the best areas including accommodation listings.

BEST PLACES TO STAY IN OSAKA


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Osaka offers travellers a huge range of accommodation dotted throughout the city. To make your time there as easy as possible, we recommend choosing a hotel or guesthouse nearby a major train station, allowing you to move around the city and beyond with ease. Our ‘Where to Stay in Osaka & Kansai International Airport?’ page listed the best areas including accommodation listings.

如何前往京都、奈良和大阪


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Kyoto Station and Shin-Osaka Station are stops on the Tokaido Shinkansen line making them easy to reach from Nagoya, Tokyo and beyond, while other shinkansen and express train lines running from the cities to regions throughout Japan. Within easy reach of both Kyoto and Osaka, Nara is under an hour away using local trains services allowing travellers to move easily to, from and between all three cities. For more information, see our pages: How to Get to Kyoto / How to Get to Nara / How to Get to Osaka.

日本中部的私人包車和旅遊


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我們位於長野,全年運營,是一家排名第一的旅遊和包車運營商,提供一系列的服務,包括團體旅遊、私人旅遊和包車。我們可以安排交通,包括私人車輛和司機,接送你到日本中部的任何目的地。

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我們的司機和車輛都經過全面認證,使我們能夠運送你到你喜歡的目的地,並結合適合你的興趣和時間表的任何活動,包括運送你到日本中部的任何目的地。所有車輛都裝有保護屏–將司機與乘客和行李區隔開–我們的司機戴著保護面罩,讓你在目的地之間舒適而安全地旅遊。

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我們既可以安排有英語導遊的私人旅遊,也可以安排私人包車,包括私人車輛和司機,但沒有導遊。我們很樂意成為這種體驗的一部分,並幫助你發現更多的東西!

為什麼選擇我們?

我們的雪猴公園、善光寺和清酒一日遊獲得了2022年TripAdvisor旅行者選擇獎–被公認為日本十大體驗之一–我們擁有當地的知識和經驗,幫助你在長野和日本中部獲得最大的收穫。

Got a question about arranging a charter or tour in Central Japan? Contact us and let’s get planning together!