SNOW MONKEYS: SOCIAL LIFE
The monkey boss
The boss of the Japanese macaques is not the mean-spirited boss that the name alludes to. He is the leader because of age and wisdom and if it is his time to give the mantle of leadership to a more suitable male, he will do so by leaving of his own accord.
Males by themselves
All males will eventually leave the group they were born into when they mature. Some are faster than others and leave upon early maturation, a year of 5~6, others like to stay a youngling for a long time and leave when they are about 10. They might join a new group or continue to roam the world alone for a bit. Solitary males will however, look for a female during mating season and try to scare the other males away from the females. If they have mated with one of the females of the group, they will stay with the group after the mating and become a member of the troop. That is, until they feel like it is time to move away again. Most males join and leave several groups in their life.
With the Japanese macaques, females bond together. While males leave the troop upon maturation, females stay with the same group for their entire life and have a close relationship with their female family members: mothers, grandmothers, sisters and offspring. There are a great many more females in a troop than there are males. They take care of each other and watch each other’s back when foraging for food or sleeping.
Female rank is determined by lineage and the children take over the rank of their mother.
The family bond between mothers and offspring is strong but the father is not acknowledged in any shape, way or form. Females will mate with several males thus making it unclear who could be the father. But that is not to say that the male does not have a close relationship with the members of the troop. The female is focused on just the direct family while the male will jump in to protect any member of the troop if they happen to be in danger.
To learn more about the food that they eat, click here!
To learn more about their behaviors, click here!
To learn more about their physical characteristics, click here!
To learn more about the love and childcare, click here!